"This country is at war" - BBC 100

War was announced on 3 September 1939. But the BBC had been secretly preparing for years, so that broadcasting might carry-on whatever happened. War was announced on 3 September 1939. But the BBC ...

Gas Masks for Goal Posts: Football in Britain During the ...

'I was 12th man for England against Wales at Wembley. Within a few minutes, the Welsh half-back broke his collar bone. They had no reserves and I was the only spare player to hand. That's how I made my international debut - for Wales.' - Stan Mortensen, Blackpool and England. When Britain declared war on Germany in September 1939, football came to an …

Forces and resources of the European combatants, 1939

Forces and resources of the European combatants, 1939. In September 1939 the Allies, namely Great Britain, France, and Poland, were together superior in industrial resources, population, and military manpower, but the German Army, or Weacht, because of its armament, training, doctrine, discipline, and fighting spirit, was the most efficient and effective …

How did Britain prepare for war? - The coming of war ...

Following the declaration in September 1939, the next six months were known as the 'phoney war' as no military action took place, giving Britain more time to …

Phoney War in Britain during September 1939

Phoney War was a eight-month period of time after the declaration of war by Britian and France against Nazi Germany during 1939. The build up to the Phoney War started on 3rd September 1939. Britain and France declared war on Germany, after the Germans had invaded Poland. In the summer of 1939, the British Government moved to safer areas.

WWII Gas Masks - halinaking.co.uk

During WWII Britain was very worried that gas bombs would be dropped on the country during air raids and injure civilians and soldiers alike; therefore, the authorities supplied gas masks 'Respirators' within a cardboard box, with Instructions printed on the inside lid, to everyone in Britain, including babies and children; by September 1939 ...

Britain's Home Front | World War 2

have cost Britain in excess of £30 Billion (many hundreds of £billions at todays value). Great technological advances were made . during the period 1939 to 1945 plus huge . social changes meant that life after the war . would and could never be the same again. For more information about Britain's Home Front

The National Archives Learning Curve | Home Front

By September 1939 nearly everybody in the country had been issued with a gas mask (38 million). People were instructed to carry their gas masks at …

The Home Front - The National Archives

Evacuation plans had been in preparation well before the outbreak of war. Small-scale evacuation of women and children were carried out in September 1938 but the real evacuation began in September 1939. The government had planned to evacuate about three million people but in the end only one million left home.

Gas Masks (WW2) Fact File - Kidadl

Every adult and child in Britain was given a gas mask in September 1939. That means that around 38 million masks were issued. The gas masks were needed in case the Germans dropped gas bombs over Britain. During World War 1 gas had been used in the battlefields, and many British soldiers were badly injured or killed in these gas attacks.

Air Raid Precautions in the United Kingdom | Military Wiki ...

Air Raid Precautions (ARP) was an organisation in the United Kingdom set up in 1937 dedicated to the protection of civilians from the danger of air raids. It included the Raid Wardens' Service that was to report on bombing incidents. Every local council was responsible for organising ARP wardens, messengers, ambulance drivers, rescue parties and liaison with police and fire …

London Goes to War, 1939

September 3, 1939. response, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain presented an ultimatum to Germany in the early hours of that Sunday morning: cease the invasion of Poland or face war with Great Britain (see "The Beginning of World War II, 1939" ). Hitler's reaction was to ignore Britain's ultimatum. At 11:15 AM The Prime Minister interrupted the ...

World War Two - Outbreak - BBC Archive

On 3 September 1939, Neville Chamberlain broadcast to the nation that Britain was at war with Germany. Only a year before, it seemed a peaceful solution had …

World War 2 Timeline - 1939 - Historic UK

Important events of 1939 and the start of the Second World War, including Prime Minister Chamberlain's (pictured to the left) ultimatum to Hitler; withdraw German troops from Poland or war will be declared. 1 Sept. Germany invades Poland. First use of Blitzkrieg. Britain and France give Germany an ultimatum to get out.

The History Press | Shelter at home in the Second World War

Preparations for an air bombardment of Britain had been made before war began in the expectation that 'total war' would target civilians as well as those armed to fight. Everyone (even babies) was issued with a rubber gas mask to combat the expected use of poisoned gas, employed to deadly effect against troops in the First World War.

Why face masks weren't compulsory during WW2 | The Spectator

Britain has been here before when it comes to furores about face masks. Exactly 80 years ago the same argument was raging, with the country split between those who wanted the wearing of gas masks ...

On this day: Gas masks issued to British civilians | The ...

Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 9 July. On this day in 1938 gas masks were first issued to the civilian population of Britain in anticipation of the Second World War. Picture: Getty. 1191 ...

Gas masks during ww2 - Primary Homework Help

By September 1939 some 38 million gas masks had been given out, house to house, to families. They were never to be needed. Why were people given gas masks during the war? Why did people wer gas masks? Everyone in Britain was given a gas mask in a cardboard box, to protect them from gas bombs, which could be dropped during air raids.

Old Snapshots of British Schoolchildren During …

Approximately three million British children were evacuated from their city homes and sent to the countryside during World War II. The first of these mass evacuations took place in early September 1939 and saw children …

What To Do During An Air Raid | Imperial War Museums

An Air Raid. The British government began preparing the country for the possibility of air raids in the late 1930s. The Air Raid Wardens Service was established in 1937 and over 44 million gas masks had been distributed by the outbreak of war in 1939. As the war progressed, further provisions were made to try to protect civilians from air attack.

When Gas Masks Were an Inescapable Part of Everyday Life ...

The vast majority of people watching this newsreel in Britain at the time would have had a gas mask. In 1938, before war had begun in Europe, the British government issued 35 million "General ...

Chamberlain Declares "Peace for Our Time" - HISTORY

On September 30, 1938, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain received a rowdy homecoming after signing a peace pact with Nazi Germany. For days, dread had blanketed London like a fog. Only a ...

Air raids and the crowd – citizens at war | The Psychologist

The declaration of war in September 1939 exposed civilians in Britain not only to the prospect of an invasion but also to the threat of chemical weapons. Planners believed that Germany would conduct an intense aerial campaign, dropping not only incendiaries but …

Children of War: 10 Heartbreaking Photos of School ...

During World War II, approximately 3 million British children were evacuated from their homes and sent to the countryside. The first mass evacuation took place in September 1939, thousands of children were carrying boxes with gas masks, a paper label attached to each child identified who they were and their journey details.

The Blitz | Bomb Incidents | West End at War

In September 1939 around one million children were evacuated from London and from cities across Britain. Poison gas attacks on London and on other British urban areas were also expected (44 million gas masks had been issued to British civilians between late 1938 and September 1939).